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Bloomberg

Asian Tsar Biden says era of engagement with China is over

(Bloomberg) – The United States enters a period of intense competition with China as the government that runs the world’s second largest economy becomes increasingly tightly controlled by President Xi Jinping, the most senior official in the White House for Asia. widely described as a commitment that has come to an end, ”Kurt Campbell, the US coordinator for Indo-Pacific affairs at the National Security Council, said Wednesday at an event hosted by Stanford University. US policy towards China will now operate under a “new set of strategic parameters,” Campbell said, adding that “the dominant paradigm will be competition.” Chinese policies under Xi are largely responsible for the change in US policy, Campbell said, citing military clashes on China’s border with India, an “economic campaign” against Australia and the rise of diplomacy. “wolf warriors”. Beijing’s behavior was emblematic of a shift towards “hard power, or hard power,” which “indicates that China is determined to play a more assertive role,” he said. Even as US Trade Representative Katherine Tai and Chinese Vice Premier Liu He made their first phone call. Ahead of the talks, Tai told Reuters both sides faced “very big challenges” and President Joe Biden announced that he had ordered the US intelligence community to “redouble” efforts to determine whether the Covid-19 virus had escaped from a Chinese laboratory. Biden said in a statement Wednesday that Chinese officials should be more transparent and that Beijing should join an “international evidence-based investigation and provide access to all relevant data and evidence.” The Chinese embassy in Washington called the investigation a “smear campaign and blame shift” that would undermine efforts to prevent future health crises. “Sino-US relations will naturally experience some competition, which is prevalent among other relations between large countries, but it is wrong to define the relation with competition because it will only lead to confrontation and conflict”, Both countries are also stuck in disputes over Beijing’s claims to the South China Sea, human rights in the Xinjiang region, the future of Taiwan and Hong Kong, and economic concerns, including the deployment of the 5G technology and a global semiconductor shortage. Chinese and US officials have said they see areas for cooperation, especially on climate change, but on many other issues the relationship is much more icy. only in economics but also in politics, ”said Wang Yiwei, director of the Institute of International Affairs at Renmin University and a former Chinese diplomat. “The United States sees China overtaking its own economy, so it seeks to contain China and prevent it from moving up the value chain.” Campbell knows what it’s like to negotiate with angry Chinese diplomats. In March, he was among US officials who met their Chinese counterparts in Alaska in talks that began with arguments in front of reporters and cameras over human rights, trade and international alliances. the new approach of the United States to relations with China. He described that the Chinese president was “deeply ideological, but also not very sentimental” and “not very interested in the economy”. Since coming to power in 2012, Xi has “almost completely dismantled nearly 40 years of mechanisms designed for collective leadership,” Campbell said. , adding that senior Chinese diplomats such as Politburo member Yang Jiechi and Foreign Minister Wang Yi – senior officials sent to the Alaskan talks – are “far, less than a hundred miles” from the Chinese leader’s inner circle. at the heart of US efforts to push back China in the years to come, Campbell said. The United States has already tried to reinforce the importance of its work in the so-called Quad group of countries, which includes India, Japan and Australia. And Biden’s first White House meetings with foreign heads of state were with Japanese Yoshihide Suga and South Korean Moon Jae-in. “We believe the best way to engage a more assertive China is to work with allies, partners and friends.” Campbell said, adding that “the best Chinese policy is really good Asian policy.” Still, he said the United States will need to allay fears of American decline in Asia and offer a “positive economic vision” for the region. “For the first time, really, we are now changing our strategic direction, our economic interests, our military. (Updates to Chinese Foreign Ministry comments in sixth paragraph.) More stories like this are available at bloomberg.com Subscribe now to stay ahead with the most popular source of business news. reliable. © 2021 Bloomberg LP



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