July 18 Herald & Review Yearbook | Way of life

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Highlights of today’s history:

On July 18, 1918, anti-apartheid leader and South African President Nelson Mandela was born in the village of Mvezo.

In 1536, the British Parliament passed a law declaring the authority of the Pope invalid in Britain.

In 1863, during the Civil War, the Union Army, led by the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry of Black Soldiers, charged Confederate-owned Fort Wagner on Morris Island, South Carolina. The Confederates succeeded in pushing back the Union army, which suffered heavy losses. The 54th commanding officer, Colonel Robert Gould Shaw, was among those killed.

In 1872, the United Kingdom adopted a secret ballot.

In 1940, the Democratic National Convention at Chicago Stadium appointed President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who oversaw debates in the White House, for an unprecedented third term. Earlier today, Eleanor Roosevelt addressed the convention and became the first presidential wife to engage in such a gathering.

In 1944, Hideki Tojo was sacked by the Prime Minister and Minister of War of Japan due to his country’s frustration during World War II. American troops in France occupied the Norman town of Saint-Lô.

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In 1964, nearly a week of riots broke out in New York’s Harlem neighborhood after police shot dead a black teenager, James Powell, two days ago.

In 1969, Senator Edward M. Kennedy (D-Mass.) Left the party with Mary Joe Copetine, 28, on Chappaquiddick Island near Martha’s Vineyard. Kennedy’s car then got off the bridge and entered the water. Kennedy managed to escape, but Kopetine drowned.

In 1976, 14-year-old Romanian gymnast Nadia Comaneci, who competed in the Montreal Olympics, had a perfect 10 for the first time in history on a routine on uneven parallel bars. (Comaneci receives six more 10s in Montreal.)

In 1984, Gunner James Hubati shot at McDonald’s in San Ysidro, California, killing 21 people and gunned down by police. Walter F. Mondale won the Democratic presidential nomination in San Francisco.

In 1994, a bomb hidden in a van destroyed the Jewish Cultural Center in Buenos Aires, Argentina, killing 85 people. Tutsi rebels have declared the end of Rwanda’s 14-week civil war.

In 2005, the unrepentant Eric Rudolph was sentenced to life imprisonment for the bombing of an abortion clinic in Birmingham, Alabama, killing police officers on leave and injuring nurses.

In 2011, General David Petraeus handed over command of US and Allied forces in Afghanistan to General John Allen when he left to take charge of the Central Intelligence Agency. Freed from months of tragedy caused by the devastating tsunami and earthquake, Japan beat the United States 3-1 with a penalty after a women’s football team came back from behind twice in a draw 2 -2. We celebrated the victory of the World Cup.

In 2013, once a symbol of American industrial might, Detroit became the largest American city to file for bankruptcy, its finances were devastated, and its neighborhood was emptied by a long, slow decline in population and auto manufacturing. did.

In 2016, the Republican Party hosted a national convention in Cleveland as it prepared to nominate Donald Trump as president. Trump’s wife Melania delivered a speech, assuring officials and voters that her husband has the character and determination to unite divided nations. (Mr. Trump’s popular speech was undermined by two sections similar to First Lady Michelle Obama’s speech at the 2008 Democratic National Convention. The speechwriter accepted responsibility for the section in question.) Baraku Obama Le president awarded a medal of honor to the retired. Lieutenant Charles Kettles, a helicopter pilot for the Vietnam War, is said to have rescued more than 40 American soldiers in a major fire.

In 2020, the World Health Organization reported a daily record of new coronavirus infections (over 259,000 worldwide) for the second day in a row. South Africa has become one of the five most devastating countries in the pandemic. Florida has reported more than 10,200 new cases and 90 additional deaths. Canadian officials have said the Toronto Blue Jays baseball team will not be able to play at home in Toronto during the shortened 2020 season because it was not safe for players to travel between the United States. (The Blue Jays were playing a “home” game at a minor league-affiliated stadium in Buffalo, NY)



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